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Influence of 19th Century Chinese and Indian Style

By Karan Jain 4 years ago 690 Views No comments

Chinese influence in art and design has skewed the choice of art collectors across decades. Here we take a look at some interesting Chinese as well as Indian art impressions that never fail to leave their mark…

Looking forward to buying that delicate piece of Chinese pottery to adorn your mantle? From as early as late 17th century, Chinese influence, or the Chinoiserie style as it was popularly referred to, has been seen in global art design. This influence had impacted the objects made for popular markets in the 19th century and led to the gradual expansion of British trade, diplomatic, and religious activities in various regions of China, in the 1850s -60s.

These designs had re-awakened people's interest in the offerings of the 'Celestial Empire' and ensured that previously unknown examples belonging to Chinese style of art and design caught the attention of collectors and designers across the world, especially British potters.

Spode Ceramic Works, Plates, Pottery with Chinese Influence

The designs that spoke of the influence of Chinese and Indian style of art and architecture had gained immense popularity in the early years of the 19th century. This renewed interest in art belonging to the East was stimulated by products and attractive art pieces imported from Asia, in addition to the newly-published books that spoke of India and China. These books boasted of illustrations that offered British designers and manufacturers with more intriguing and novel sources of inspiration.

Characteristics

White and Blue and Ceramics

The greatly admired blue and white of Chinese ceramics have been copied by the West on many occasions. In fact, by the turn of the 19th century, potters in Britain were bringing in large quantities of affordable transfer-printed earthenware for catering to the growing market of blue and white pottery and ceramics.

Indian Scenes

Many scenes that effectively decorate the blue and white Chinese ceramics of early 19th century find their roots in the popular topographical prints and designs of India.

Chinese Scenes

Scenes of Chinese people, landscapes and pavilions were quite popular in the 19th century and were mostly inspired by those etched on Chinese objects; with the 'Two Temples' design being the common most.

Dragons

The dragon has always been the ultimate symbol of Chinese impressions for art lovers globally. This mythical beast appears in various forms and designs of early 19th century art.

Willow Pattern

While the willow pattern served as one of the most popular British ceramic designs, it was complemented by the scenes of temples, bridges, ornamental trees, boats and other designs adorning Chinese ceramic. Additionally, the love story that was supposedly depicted through these willows was invented later on as a clever marketing gimmick.

Chinese Figures

Chinese people and figures were other popular images that found their way to many art pieces on sale in India and abroad. While many were merely reproduced by craftsmen globally, others served as Chinese water color impressions made directly for the market in Europe.

Chinese Glazes

Growing knowledge of pottery and porcelain associated with China greatly influenced art in late 19th century. European and British artisans and potters understood and recreated the 'duck egg', brilliant red 'flambé', and 'crackle' glazes found on ceramics from China.

Bamboo

Bamboo furniture with Chinese influence was available in most parts of the world in late 19th century. While the poles and panels were directly imported from Japan, Chinese and British elements were used and combined by manufacturers to produce items that were relatively inexpensive but satisfied an art lover's craving for the 'exotic'.

People

Bernard Moore (1850 - 1935)

Bernard Moore had taken oven his father's pottery unit in Loughton, Staffordshire, in the year 1870. He was specifically interested in experimenting with Chinese glaze technology and his efforts in the field brought to the fore some technically remarkable art pieces. Best remembered for the red 'flambé' glazes found on Chinese inspired shapes, Moore served as a consultant to several other potteries. He also authored many technical papers. Overall, he managed to play a significant role in the popularity and development of Chinese ceramics in Britain, especially in the 19th century.

William Howson Taylor (1876 - 1935)

William Howson Taylor founded Ruskin Pottery in the year 1895. He experimented with the popular Chinese glaze technology and pushed forward the realms of ceramic knowledge. Taylor resorted to Chinese vessel forms as he felt that their elegant shapes would enhance the beauty of these glazes to perfection.

Buildings and Interiors

Biddulph Grange Chinese Garden

Biddulph Grange, located in Stoke-on-Trent, poses as a remarkable example of Chinese 19th century garden art. Established in 1842 by James Bateman, who spent more than 20 years forming themed gardens with trees, shrubs, bonsais and plants, this Chinese Garden always evoked a magical vision of the eastern parts of the world. It has an impressive stone gateway, a temple with golden dragons, and an ornate wooden bridge. Additionally, this fanciful setting displays many plants that were imported from China in the early 19th century.

Buy Chinese Ceramics Art

Chinese antique ceramics are undoubtedly beautiful additions to your home, office or store. More so, they always bring in the greatest levels of joy to all collectors. If you wish to buy diverse kinds and styles of Chinese ceramics, some dating back to as early as 1800 B.C, then it is important for you have prior knowledge of what grades a specific product as unique, ways of distinguishing authentic items from those that are fake, and aligning Chinese art with your existing décor—in the right manner!